I. Overview of Vietnam National Museum of History
Vietnam National Museum of History is home to rich and diverse collections of historical relics and thematic exhibitions on Vietnamese culture and history. The museum gives visitors a broad overview of the development of Vietnam from the prehistoric period through the national formation period, a very thorough and comprehensive historical outlook that other museums cannot offer. Let explore this museum with AZ Local Trip.
II. Introduction of Vietnam National Museum of History
Opened on September 26, 2011, the museum is an integration of the former Vietnam History Museum and the Museum of Vietnamese Revolution. The two museums, one situated at No.1 Trang Tien Street and the other located at 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, make up an impressive architectural complex adjoining the Hanoi Opera House.
4,000 square meters in space, the museum is now housing over 200,000 objects and materials which are relics of Vietnamese history flowing from pre-history to present. Housed in a colonial French building which is a cupola shaped edifice, the museum was designed as a combination of French and Chinese architecture. The building designed by Hebrard, an eminent French architect and urban planner, incorporates double walls and balconies for a natural airing system and protection from sunshine.
II.1.1. Site One
Located at No.1 Trang Tien Street (the former Vietnam History Museum), the first site is a well-structured historic building displaying collections relating to Vietnam’s history from the prehistoric period to the end of the Nguyen Dynasty in 1945. Originally the Louis Finot Museum, the museum building was designed as a major landmark of great architectural distinction, combining Eastern architectural elements in harmonious fusion with Western aesthetic features. The main permanent exhibition includes:
- Collection on Vietnam in the Prehistoric Times (c. 400,000 – 300,000 to 4,000 BP).
- Collection on Vietnam in the Early Stage of National Building (c. 4,000 to the 3rd century BC).
- Vietnam from the 1st to the 10th century AD.
- Vietnam from the 10th to the mid-20th century AD, including:
- Ngo – Dinh – Early Le Dynasties (938 -1009 AD)
- Ly – Tran Dynasties (1009 – 1400 AD)
- Ho Dynasties (1400 – 1407 AD)
- Le – Mac – Restored Le Dynasties (1428 – 1788 AD)
- Tay Son Dynasties (1778 – 1802 AD)
- Nguyen Dynasties (1802 – 1945 AD)
- Collection of Artifacts from the early 20th century.
- Collection of Champa Stone Sculpture (7th to 13th century AD).
- The struggles for independence of the Vietnamese people (1858 – 1945).
II.1.2. Site Two
Site Two is situated across the road at 216 Tran Quang Khai (former Museum of Vietnamese Revolution), and ticket is valid for entry here too. Though generally less dazzling than site one located at Trang Tien Street, it is still interesting to spin through the rooms at this site, which include:
- Thirty years of resistance against foreign invaders to sustain independence and unify the country (1945 – 1975).
- Vietnam on the path to building prosperous people, strong country and a fair, democratic and civilized society (1976 – present).
- Gifts from the Vietnamese people and international friends of Vietnam to President Ho Chi Minh and the Communist Party of Vietnam.
The rooms covering Vietnam’s blossoming into the modern area intriguingly showcase industrially produced items such as carpets, tires, batteries and other items deemed necessary in a socialist utopia. It is a great overview for the tourists to discover the kind of government the Vietnamese live under and the military angle on history.
Visitors may have to use full imagination as well as sensitivity to understand artifacts and relics exhibited in the museum since the descriptions of objects are quite sparse and many of them are in Vietnamese.
III. Basic information for tourists:
- Address: 1 Trang Tien St and 216 Tran Quang Khai St, Hanoi.
- Opening hours:
- Morning: from 8:00 to 12:00.
- Afternoon: from 13:30 to 17:00.
- Closed on first Monday of every month.
- Tel: (04) 38252853
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.baotanglichsu.vn/
- Ticket price (access to both sites):
- Adults: 40,000 VND per person
- Student from college and university: 20,000 VND per student.
- Pupil from school: 10,000 VND per student.
- Free admission for children under 6 years old and disabilities.
- Reduced admission: 50 % discount for the beneficiaries of preferential policies, the elderly, disabilities.
- Media fee (optional)
- Photograph fee: 30,000 VND/ camera.
- Video fee: 400,000 VND/ camera.
- Local Tips
Visitors can feel free to wear whatever comfortable and convenient but in a respectful and proper manner. Smoking, eating, making loud noises or touching objects and displays are not allowed in the museum. Since Site One on Trang Tien Street is bigger and covers a larger scope of history, it is recommended to spend more time at this site. A free English audio tour is available in this museum building but the table offering headsets is not obvious which the tourists should keep an eye out for.
- How to get there
Regarding transportation, Vietnam National Museum of History is in walk-able distance from Hoan Kiem Lake, about 10 minutes by walking. It only takes 5 minutes to get from Hoan Kiem Lake to the museum by car. There is a parking lot right outside the museum (Bãi Đá) on Tran Quang Khai Street which is very convenient.
The museum is located in the heart of Hanoi close to many sacred relics such as: Turtle Tower – Hoan Kiem Lake; The Huc Bridge – Ngoc Son Temple – But Thap Tower where visitors can come by after visiting the museum.
IV. Related Tour
If you are into Vietnam National Museum of History, but you don’t know who could help you to explore this museum, don’t hesitate to call AZ Local Trip.
Although the museum is not on any road of any tour, but we can customize the tour for you. Our guide will help you to have the most of Hanoi experience.