Vietnam National Museum of History Hanoi is home to rich and diverse collections of historical relics and thematic exhibitions on Vietnamese culture and history. The museum gives visitors a broad overview of the development of Vietnam from the prehistoric period through the national formation period, a very thorough and comprehensive historical outlook that other museums cannot offer.
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Opened on September 26, 2011, the museum in French Quarter Hanoi is an integration of the former Vietnam History Museum and the Museum of Vietnamese Revolution. The two museums, one situated at No.1 Trang Tien Street and the other located at 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, make up an impressive architectural complex adjoining the Hanoi Opera House.
4.000 square meters in space, the museum is now housing over 200.000 objects and materials which are relics of Vietnamese history flowing from pre-history to present. Housed in a colonial French building which is a cupola-shaped edifice, the museum was designed as a combination of French and Chinese architecture. The building designed by Hebrard, an eminent French architect, and urban planner, incorporates double walls and balconies for a natural airing system and protection from sunshine.
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The interior of the Vietnam National Museum of History
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How the entrance ticket looks like
Located at No.1 Trang Tien Street (the former Vietnam History Museum), the first site is a well-structured historic building displaying collections relating to Vietnam’s history from the prehistoric period to the end of the Nguyen Dynasty in 1945. Originally the Louis Finot Museum, the museum building was designed as a major landmark of great architectural distinction, combining Eastern architectural elements in harmonious fusion with Western aesthetic features. The main permanent exhibition includes:
A painting of the Battle of Bach Dang in 1288 (Ngo - Dinh - Early Le Dynasty)
Site Two is situated across the road at 216 Tran Quang Khai (former Museum of Vietnamese Revolution), and the ticket is valid for entry here too. Though generally less dazzling than site one located at Trang Tien Street, it is still interesting to spin through the rooms at this site, which include:
A return to form with the struggles against exterior forces at Site Two
The rooms covering Vietnam’s blossoming into the modern area intriguingly showcase industrially produced items such as carpets, tires, batteries and other items deemed necessary in a socialist utopia. It is a great overview for the tourists to discover the kind of government the Vietnamese live under and the military angle on history.
The King's Gold seal in the Nguyen Dynasty
Visitors may have to use full imagination as well as sensitivity to understand artifacts and relics exhibited in the museum since the descriptions of objects are quite sparse and many of them are in Vietnamese.
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Ancient ceramics used in Nguyen Kings' imperial palace
Regarding transportation, Vietnam National Museum of History is in walkable distance from Hoan Kiem Lake, about 10 minutes by walking. It only takes 5 minutes to get from Hoan Kiem Lake to the museum by car. There is a parking lot right outside the museum (Bãi Đá) on Tran Quang Khai Street which is very convenient.
The museum is located in the heart of Hanoi close to many sacred relics such as Turtle Tower – Hoan Kiem Lake; The Huc Bridge – Ngoc Son Temple – But Thap Tower where visitors can come by after visiting the museum.
Located right next to Vietnam national museum of history and near Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi Opera House is one of the must-see destinations for any tourist traveling in Hanoi. Built in 1911 and based on French Style, Hanoi Opera House is the biggest opera house in Vietnam up to now, which keeps a big value of culture and history. Coming to this opera house, you can not only learn more about the typical characteristic of Hanoi but also contemplate its beautiful architecture and immerse yourself into the wonderful concert in Hanoi Opera House. The ticket price for a concert only ranges from 200.000 VND.
Also located near Hoan Kiem Lake, Hoa Lo Prison Museum is one of the famous places in Hanoi that can’t miss. This museum is distinctive from other ones in Hanoi since the authentic scene in the past war reappears in the most real way so that tourists can most understand about Vietnamese history and what brave Vietnamese people used to suffer. Here you can see different cell rooms rebuilt and many sculptures in shapes of miserable Vietnamese who were cruelly tortured, which will definitely surprise you. Besides, the entrance fee for both kid and adult is just 30.000 VND.
Situated right in 41 Hang Gai, included in the Old Quarter of Hanoi, it is convenient to find out Thang Long Art Gallery. This gallery gathers the most beautiful and valuable works of Vietnamese artists so that you can gain more understanding about Vietnamese art through unique pictures here. Visiting Thang Long Art gallery, you will have a chance to admire the incredible display of wonderful photos and painting with high quality. If you are interested in these pictures, you also buy one to bring home.
If you want any further advice and information, feel free to contact us, the AZ Local Trip team. It is our pleasure to help you!