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Vietnam Military History Museum - Military Strategy And Tactics Throughout History Of Vietnam

Duc - October 25, 2018

Vietnam Military History Museum is one of the six national museums in Vietnam. If you are a museum enthusiast, the destination cannot be missed.

This is your chance to acquire knowledge about Vietnam wars and to know about courageous Vietnamese people.

Here you will be presented about all the hardship of Vietnamese people through long history of devastating wars.

Tourist Information

Vietnam Military History Museum Address

28A Dien Bien Phu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi

Transportation

This museum is not too far from the Old Quarter.
It might take you about 20 minutes to walk there (about 1.6 km walking)
However, I suggest that you also can take a cab to get there in just about 10 minutes.

Vietnam Military History Museum Opening Hours

Every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, Sunday

  • Morning: 08:00 – 11:30
  • Afternoon: 01:00 – 04:30

Local Tips

Explanation is not always shown surrounding the exhibits. You are advised to approach to the First and Second Indochina Wars in advance so that it is easier to understand artefacts and references. Another option is to find yourself a local guide.

Language Availability

Note cards about each artefact are provided in Vietnamese, English and French. Yet audio-visual displays are in Vietnamese only.

Historical Perspective

The First and Second Indochina Wars displayed in Vietnam Military History Museum are seen from the perspective of Vietnamese people.

Regulations

  • Dress properly: no shorts, mini skirt or tank-top.
  • Leave bulky luggage at the cloakroom (except valuable items such as jewelry, money).
  • Don't smoke. Don't put your hands on the glass or touch/sit/move objects.
  • Do not bring food or drinks into the Museum.
  • Only take pictures or film under allowance.

Map

Below is a detailed map to help you find ways in the museum:

Vietnam Military History Museum Map

Vietnam Military History Museum Map

Entrance Fee

  • International visitors: US$1.8/person
  • Fee for filming and photo shooting
  1. Photo shooting: US$1.3/camera
  2. Filming under 1 hour: US$13/camera
  3. Filming from 1 to 2 hours: US$17.5/camera
  4. Filming from 2 to 3 hours: US$21.8/camera

Vietnam Military History Museum Introduction

Vietnam Military History Museum, established on 17/7/1956, is the first museum about military. It has been a cultural institution and an important part of Communist Party and People's Army of Vietnam with thousands of artefacts.

Implementing the decree of President Ho Chi Minh on "Cultural Heritage Preservation", Ministry of Defence already collected and preserved documents, images and artefacts during the resistance war against French colonialists (1945 – 1954).

On the 15th anniversary of the establishment of People's Army of Vietnam, the museum was officially opened on December 21, 1959. Vietnam Military History Museum not only educates Vietnamese citizens about their own tradition but also helps foreigners gain insight into Vietnam and courageous Vietnamese people.

The museum has an indoor-outdoor display system with an area of up to 3,200 m2.

Vietnam Military History Museum Indoor Display

Indoor display of Vietnam Military History Museum

Indoor display of Vietnam Military History Museum

The indoor display system of Vietnam Military History Museum is divided into three 2-storey buildings.

  • At the first building near the entrance on Dien Bien Phu Street,
    • The first floor is about building and defending the country before 1930.
    • The second floor is for military artefacts from 1930 until the end of the war against French colonialists (1954) and the famous Dien Bien Phu Campaign.
  • In the next building there are:
    • The first floor: American War 1954 – 1968, Ho Chi Minh Trail and Spring Offensive 1975.
    • The second floor is divided into three sections: Vietnam war against the United States 1969 – 1975, the gallery of rudimentary weapons 1945 – 1975 and international support for Vietnam liberation.
  • In the third buidling
    • The first floor of the third building showcases military artefacts since 1975.
    • The second floor is to memorise Vietnamese Heroic Mothers and exhibit the model of Ho Chi Minh Campaign.

Ho Chi Minh Trail

This legendary route supplied the southern battlefield with food, medical and military aid during the resistance war against America. Enemy bombs, automobile tires, intercom devices and images illustrate the horror of the American war. The fighting life of Truong Son soldiers at the time is also demonstrated.

Vietnam military history museum - Soldiers' hardship in the jungle

Soldiers' hardship in the jungle

If interested in the American War, you had better find a local buddy to discuss towards the topic.

People's Armed Forces of Vietnam 1930 – 1944

The display system with thousands of artefacts in Vietnam Military History Museum

The display system with thousands of artefacts in Vietnam Military History Museum

The first documents of the Communist Party of Vietnam are preserved here:

  • "The Way of the Destiny",
  • "The Thesis of Politics 1930",
  • "The Resolution of the Self-Defence Team"

The first victory of the Vietnam Liberation Army Propaganda is exhibited here as well.

People's Armed Forces of Vietnam during August Revolution 1945

This section mainly shows the resistance war against Japan, The Great Vietnamese Famine 1945 and Political to armed struggle.

Vietnam Military History Museum - Things to di in Hanoi

Ba Dinh Square September 2, 1945

Visitors are provided with information about the establishment of Vietnam government, too. Also, images of Ba Dinh Square on Declaration of Independence Day on September 2, 1945 are shown.

People's Armed Forces of Vietnam 1955 – 1968

A bold introduction to the Third National Party Congress of Vietnam is given. Yet the highlight of this section is about South Vietnam after Geneva Agreement.

It exhibits artefacts, images of prisons, torture tools of America and rudimentary weapons of Vietnamese people.

Vietnam Military History Museum - Things to dio in Hanoi

Torture tools

Information about The General Offensive and Uprising of Lunar New Year 1968 can also be found here.

People's Armed Forces of Vietnam 1969 - 1/1973

  • Display of American side: Statistic of enemy forces, strategy "Vietnamization of war"
  • Display of Vietnamese side: how the soldiers overcome difficulties, self-guarantee logistics, maintain liberated areas and launch major campaigns such as Ninth Route – Southern Laos Campaign and 1972 Spring - Summer Offensive

People's Armed Forces of Vietnam 1973 – 1975

The section shows American conspiracies after the Paris Agreement and how Vietnamese firmly held on to liberated zones.

Simultaneous uprisings resulting in the victory of Phuoc Long and the campaign to liberate Tay Nguyen, Hue - Da Nang and central coastal provinces are all displayed here.

The tank broke through Independence Palace on April 30, 1975

The tank broke through Independence Palace on April 30, 1975

Vietnam Military History Museum Outdoor Display

Outdoor display of Vietnam Military History Museum

Outdoor display of Vietnam Military History Museum

The outdoor exhibition area involves war artefacts of great size. All are associated with the up and downs and victories of Vietnamese people in the two bloody resistance wars against French colonialists and American empire.

It is beyond doubt a unique experience to see all those cool artefacts in person!

  • Wreckage of a Boeing B-52G shot down during Operation Linebacker II

 Vietnam Military History Museum - wreckage of B-52

The monument built from wreckage of B-52 for Victory Dien Bien Phu in the air

  • M3 Half-track purportedly used by Groupe Mobile 100 and captured in the Battle of Mang Yang Pass
  • M101 howitzer / M107 Self-Propelled Gun / M113 armored personnel carrier / M114 155 mm howitzer
  • T-34 tank / T-54 tank

vietnam military history museum - Outdoor artefacts such as tanks and airplanes

Outdoor artefacts such as tanks and airplanes

  • 37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K) / 57 mm AZP S-60 / 85 mm divisional gun D-44 / 130 mm towed field gun M1954 (M-46)

Related tours

We might together go to Vietnam Military History Museum to explore the long history of Vietnam.

Our guide will go along with you all the time in the journey to answer all you question.

Hesitate no more, contact us and book a Hanoi City Tour now.